VIDA Charm Bracelet Patena Butterflies by VIDA TgxlW9lbXW

SKU78892103
VIDA Charm Bracelet - Patena Butterflies by VIDA TgxlW9lbXW
VIDA Charm Bracelet - Patena Butterflies by VIDA

Find More Information on the Government of BC Website

GOV.BC.CA MENU

To test whether changes in reading skill were accompanied by measurable changes in white matter structure, we first examined MD and FA as a function of intervention time (hours) within the set of white matter tracts considered to be crucial for skilled reading 1 , 2 , Fine Jewelry Genuine Amethyst and White Topaz Sterling Silver Ring iLHcmL
, 4 ,,,, 26 , Alexander McQueen Black Skull Wide Double Wrap Bracelet A4sJNnqU4
,,
and which showed significant relationships with pre-intervention reading skill in the current sample: the left AF, left ILF, and posterior CC. Intervention-driven tissue changes were evident within the AF and ILF but not within the CC: Specifically, mean diffusivity (MD) decreased as a function of intervention hours within the left AF ( F (1,77) = 8.46, p  = 0.0047, linear mixed effect model with a fixed effect of intervention time, in hours, and a random effect of subject) and the left ILF ( F (1,77) = 7.28, p  = 0.0086), but not within the CC ( F (1,77) = 2.37, p  = 0.13). Subject motion did not change over time (Supplementary Fig.) and including subject motion as a covariate in the model did not change the results: MD decreased as a function of intervention hours within the left AF ( F (1,76) = 10.48, p  = 0.0018) and the left ILF ( F (1,76) = 9.53, p  = 0.0028), but not within the CC ( F (1,76) = 2.11, p  = 0.15). The decline in MD was accompanied by a linear increase in fractional anisotropy (FA) in the left AF ( F (1,76) = 3.98, p  = 0.050, fixed effect of intervention hours and a random effect of subject, with subject motion included as a covariate, as above) and the left ILF ( F (1,76) = 8.82, p  = 0.0040) but not in the CC( F (1,76) = 0.24, p  = 0.62). Finally, since changes in white matter properties could theoretically follow a nonlinear trajectory, we tested a model that included a quadratic term for each tract and parameter. For MD in each tract, the linear model outperformed the nonlinear model (evaluated using Bayesian Information Criteria (BIC) , ), and no significant nonlinear effects were observed: AF linear: F (1,76) = 8.72, p  = 0.0041, AF quadratic: F (1,76) = 0.31, p  = 0.58, ILF linear: F (1,76) = 7.53, p  = 0.0076, ILF quadratic: F (1,76) = 0.33, p  = 0.57, CC linear: F (1,76) = 3.083, p  = 0.083, CC quadratic: F (1,76) = 3.90, p  = 0.052. In contrast, we observed significant quadratic effects in FA for the left AF only: AF linear: F (1,76) = 3.87, p  = 0.053, AF quadratic: F (1,76) = 7.77, p  = 0.0067, ILF linear: F (1,76) = 8.85, p  = 0.0039, ILF quadratic: F (1,76) = 3.20, p  = 0.078, CC linear: F (1,76) = 0.31, p  = 0.58, CC quadratic: F (1,76) = 2.047, p  = 0.16.

Like the reading outcomes reported above, intervention-driven changes in MD were specific to the intervention group, as indicated by a significant group (intervention vs. control) by time (days) interaction. As above, we substitute “days” for “intervention hours” to give a meaningful predictor for both the intervention and control subjects. In the left AF, we found a significant main effect of group ( F (1,125) = 7.047, p  = 0.009) but not of time ( F (1,125) = 1.033, p  = 0.31) and a significant group-by-time interaction ( F (1,125) = 4.97, p  = 0.028), consistent with a decrease in MD over time that was specific to the intervention subjects. Similarly, in the ILF, we saw a significant main effect of group ( F (1,125) = 10.29, p  = 0.0017) but not of time ( F (1,125) = 3.72, p  = 0.056) and a significant group-by-time interaction ( F (1,125) = 9.53, p  = 0.0025). In the CC, we saw a significant main effect of group ( F (1,125) = 6.69, p  = 0.011) but not of time ( F (1,125) = 0.90 p  = 0.34) and no significant group-by-time interaction ( F (1,125) = 0.027, p  = 0.87), consistent with the stability of MD values in this tract in all subjects. For FA, we observed a different pattern of results: In the AF, we saw no significant main effect of group (F(1,125) = 0.31, p  = 0.58) or time (F(1,125) = 0.055, p  = 0.82) and no significant group-by-time interaction (F(1,125) = 0.36, p  = 0.55). In the ILF, we saw no significant main effect of group ( F (1,125) = 0.0015, p  = 0.97) or time ( F (1,125) = 1.93, p  = 0.17) and no significant group-by-time interaction ( F (1,125) = 0.15, p  = 0.70). In the CC, we saw no significant main effect of group ( F (1,125) = 0.23, p  = 0.63) or time ( F (1,125) = 0.86, p  = 0.36) and no significant group-by-time interaction ( F (1,125) = 0.35, p  = 0.56). As shown in Supplementary Table, the group-by-time interaction approached significance for the quadratic term for FA in the left AF and ILF, but not for MD in the AF or ILF, or for either parameter in the CC.

Loading

Fine Jewelry Mens GoldTone Stainless Steel Lords Prayer Bracelet rmL8gdYuS

Merck Manual

Veterinary Manual

MERCK MANUAL - Veterinary Manual Merck Veterinary Manual Get - On the App Store

Recent News

Quizzes

More Quizzes

Cases

More Case Studies
View Veterinary Version Written in everyday language

Find information on animal health topics, written for the veterinary professional.

Email Liz Claiborne Liz Claiborne Multi Color Oval Chandelier Earrings EWxrEteD
Facebook Fine Jewelry Personally Stackable DiamondAccent Sterling Silver Butterfly Ring vYH6zhsm
Twitter
Returning to the United States After Travel Abroad with Pets

Also of Interest

By Charles M. Hendrix, DVM, PhD, Professor, Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University

Returning to the United States After Travel Abroad with Pets

A multitude of diseases and parasites might be encountered in a foreign environment. The disease-causing organisms that animals may harbor have the potential to produce serious consequences. For example, in 2003 an outbreak of monkeypox in people in the United States was traced to Gambian giant rats, which carried the virus from Africa. The rats infected prairie dogs intended for the pet market, and the prairie dogs, in turn, infected people.

When citizens return to the United States, their pets—which may be infected with foreign diseases or parasites—are also presented for re-entry into the country. Dogs, cats, and certain other pets are subject to measures designed to prevent the introduction and spread of parasites and rabies and other zoonotic diseases (diseases that humans can acquire from infected animals). If an animal is found to have one of these diseases, the case must be reported to the appropriate state authorities, who in turn, will notify the proper federal agencies.

Upon arrival in the US, owners must schedule another physical examination by a veterinarian. This examination should also include blood tests. Pets may need to be dipped in a medicated solution to resolve any infestations that may have occurred while the animal was in transit. There may be additional restrictions if you enter the Unites States through Puerto Rico, Guam, or Hawaii. Before returning through these ports, travelers should contact animal health inspectors for additional information.

The general re-entry requirement is that all dogs and cats imported into the US be visually inspected by US Public Health Service personnel. Only those animals that are free of any evidence of infectious disease may be admitted. Animals showing signs of illness such as emaciation, skin sores, disturbances of the nervous system, jaundice, or diarrhea, must be examined, tested, or treated at the owner’s expense by a licensed veterinarian designated by the agency.

Cats are subject to the general requirements for entry as stated above. Rabies vaccination of cats is not a federal requirement; however, some states require vaccination prior to entry.

Regardless of their age, dogs may be admitted to the US without restriction if they appear healthy and have been in a rabies-free area for at least the 6 months immediately preceding arrival in the US or since birth. The US Public Health Service provides a current list of rabies-free areas.

Dogs arriving from countries other than those listed as rabies-free may be admitted to the US if they are 3 months of age or older, free of any evidence of infectious disease, and accompanied by a valid certificate of rabies vaccination. All 3 requirements must be met. Vaccination certificates must identify the dog, be signed by a licensed veterinarian, and specify the expiration date, which must be after the date of arrival. If the expiration date is not indicated on the certificate, the certificate is considered to be valid for only 1 year from the date of issue. Vaccination certificates should also specify the date of vaccination, which must be at least 30 days before the arrival date.

For dogs that are at least 3 months old, are subject to the rabies vaccination requirement, and appear to be healthy but do not have a valid rabies certificate as outlined above, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Form 75.37 must be completed (generally at the point of entry) and submitted to the appropriate Quarantine Station for distribution. The form may be signed by the owner or agent.

The US Public Health Service may release the dog if the owner agrees to place it in confinement for 30 days immediately upon arrival at the destination and to have it vaccinated against rabies within 4 days. Confinement is defined as restriction of an animal to a building or other enclosure, in isolation from other animals and people except for contact necessary for its care. If the dog is allowed out of the enclosure, the owner must muzzle the dog and use a leash.

The CDC Form 75.37 must also be prepared if the dog is older than 3 months of age and has a certificate showing a vaccination administered less than 30 days before arrival. The owner is required to confine the dog for the remainder of the 30 days.

Finally, Form 75.37 must be prepared for dogs younger than 3 months of age at the time of entry or re-entry. The owner is required to confine the dog until it is 3 months of age and then have it immunized against rabies. The dog must then be confined for an additional 30 days. A vaccination certificate presented for a puppy less than 3 months of age cannot be accepted.

The USDA should be contacted for requirements specific to dogs used for working livestock to prevent importation of species, which are tapeworms associated with the development of hydatid cysts in livestock and humans. Current regulations should always be checked in advance.

The CDC does not regulate importation of horses into the US unless the horse is known to carry a disease transmissible to humans. The USDA requires quarantine of horses for various time periods (3 to 60 days), depending on which country the horse is entering from. The owner or transporter should contact the port veterinarian at one of the USDA Animal Import Centers to reserve space at the quarantine facility.

Returning to the United States After Travel Abroad with Pets

Was This Page Helpful?

Which of the following clinical signs is most likely to be present in a cat with heart disease?

STORIES VETERINARY STUDENT BLOG

My Circle

Novica Sterling silver pendant necklace Bucking Bronco 4gbPlXcrZK

My Journey (so far): 1/2 a Doctor

SILVER TREASURES Silver Treasures Letter J Womens 7 Inch Silver Over Brass Link Bracelet OmVpBly

Fine Jewelry LabCreated Opal 10K Yellow Gold Pendant Necklace XfqnK

Merck and the Merck Veterinary Manual

© 2018 Merck Sharp Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA

Accessibility links
Search

The

Novica Bracelet Fishbone Twist o48OGMRAV

Richard Gonzales

Central American migrants look through the border wall near the ocean in Tijuana, Mexico, in April.

Central American migrants look through the border wall near the ocean in Tijuana, Mexico, in April.

Hans-Maximo Musielik/AP

Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced Monday that the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security will partner to prosecute anyone illegally crossing the southwest border and separate children from parents.

In two speeches before law enforcement officials in Arizona and Fine Jewelry Womens LabCreated Opal amp; LabCreated White Sapphire 14K Gold Over Silver Cocktail Ring HSLWVGwodN
, Sessions expanded on the "zero tolerance" policy against illegal immigration he Laura Ashley Womens Silver Tone Bracelet WatchLa31027ss uL2tQXQ
.

"If you cross this border unlawfully, then we will prosecute you. It's that simple," said Sessions. "If you smuggle illegal aliens across our border, then we will prosecute you. If you are smuggling a child, then we will prosecute you and that child will be separated from you as required by law. If you don't like that, then don't smuggle children over our border."

Sessions' announcement comes as immigration officials are seeing a new surge in illegal border crossings.

As NPR's John Burnett reported:

"New figures show a mini-surge in March — a 200 percent increase in border apprehensions compared to last year. Agents detained nearly 40,000 unauthorized immigrants. Most were families or kids traveling alone from Central America."

Immigrant advocates say such families are fleeing violence in Central America and seeking asylum in the United States.

"We don't think the U.S. should be prosecuting asylum seekers, attempting to deter asylum seekers," said Lee Gelernt, deputy director of the ACLU's immigrants' Rights Project. "We certainly don't think they should be prosecuting families with little children so the end result is these little children are sent off by themselves."

VIDA Charm Bracelet Pendant red white by VIDA b7dTq

Trump Administration Ends Temporary Protected Status For Hondurans

Parallels

Mexico Deploys A Formidable Deportation Force Near Its Own Southern Border

"These are children who have already suffered the trauma of violence and persecution in their native countries and the arduous journey to seek safety," said Margaret Huang, executive director of Amnesty International USA. "Why in the world would the U.S. government institute a policy that would compound their distress by separating them from their families, claiming it's for their own good?"

NEW! Time Traveler
3

initiate

ini·tiate \ i-ˈni-sh(ē-)ət \
1 : a person who is undergoing or has undergone an Fine Jewelry Womens Diamond Accent White Pearl 10K Gold Pendant Necklace udLQpzR
2 : a person who is instructed or adept in some special field

See defined for English-language learners

These secrets are known only to a small group of .

Like many , Drotar, a landscaper and father of two who drives a pickup truck, spends a lot of time explaining the organization’s strange name.
jonathan m. pitts , baltimoresun.com , "A rural Maryland chapter of the Odd Fellows society fights to save its 1850s building — and memories within," 25 Apr. 2018
Democrats say 3,200 incoming freshmen will be eligible for the in the next fiscal year.
Thomas Sabo Thomas Sabo Charm pendant birth stone July red 126059010 56jiIPvX2o
Journalist Frank Parlato, who first broke the story about the cult, told the New York Post that Mack came up with the idea of branding ' skin, near their groin area.
Fox News , "'Smallville' actress Allison Mack arrested for alleged sex cult involvement, reports say," 20 Apr. 2018
Today, Kappa Alpha Theta has more than 145 chapters in the US and Canada, with nearly 220,000 —including famous sisters such as Tory Burch, Sheryl Crow, Laura Bush, Melinda Gates, Dylan Lauren, and Cindy McCain.
nadine jolie courtney , Town Country , "Which Sorority Was Actually the First?," 18 May 2017
Bayou Greenway day changes location each year in an effort to involve all of the communities, and to promote the fact that once the is completed, many different parts of the city will be connected.
VIDA Charm Bracelet White Hart by VIDA TQXPVO
And there are questions about the effectiveness of such programs, and in some instances, concern that some — and penalties — have gone too far.
Jil Sander Black Knot Keychain m2XqyeCWy
Payne in the hills of northeast Alabama, waiting for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to take him into custody and likely deportation proceedings.
Novica Garnet solitaire ring Java Legacy UU3tGH
In one of Divergent's pivotal moments, Tris, trying to prove herself as a Dauntless , jumps off a building to show her fearlessness — a task Shailene Woodley's stunt double, Alicia Vela-Bailey, handled for the film.
alyssa bailey , Cosmopolitan , "Watch Shailene Woodley's Stunt Double Jump 66 Feet for "Divergent"," 21 July 2014
NEW! Time Traveler

Phrases Related to INITIATE

initiate

Definition of for English Language Learners

initiate

Definition of for English Language Learners

initiate

ini·ti·ate \ i-ˈni-shē-ˌāt \
1 : to set going : begin
2 : to admit into a club by special ceremonies
3 : to teach (someone) the basic facts about something

What made you want to look up initiate ? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

Quick Links

Publications

Staff

Ti2 Titanium 13mm Four Petal Flower Stud Earrings Sky Blue 36RyhacD

© 2018 The Population Council, Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy

Designed by Novica Recycled CD dangle earrings Pink Triangles uoTquQ
Built by Surprise Highway